DILL, H.G. (2007) Grain morphology of heavy minerals from marine and continental placer deposits: with special reference to Fe-Ti- and Al oxides.- Sedimentary Geology, 198: 1-27.

 

Sites: Moltsog els, Mongolia- aeolian (amphibole (actinolitic hornblende), sphene, rutile, tourmaline, epidote, clinozoisite, monazite), Biluut uul, Mongolia- aeolian (garnet, staurolite, monazite, epidote, clinozoisite, orthite, zircon, ilmenite, stibnite), Elstein gol Mongolia- aeolian (garnet, sphene, epidote, zoisite), Vostochnii Mongolia- aeolian (amphibole, tourmaline, sphene, zircon, epidote, apatite, garnet, ilmenite, cassiterite), Kiawah Island, USA - beach (sandy-mesotidal) (ilmenite, rutile, magnetite, garnet (grossularite-almandine), kyanite), Golf of Tonkin, Vietnam – beach (sandy-mixed - tide-dominated) (ilmenite, zircon, monazite, rutile), Liepaja, Latvia - beach (sandy-microtidal) (garnet (almandine), zircon, magnetite,  pseudorutile, titanomagnetite, monazite, ilmenite, leucoxene), Ventspils, Latvia - beach-aeolian  (microtidal) (garnet (grossularite, pyrope-almandine-spessartite), staurolite, monazite, amphibole (tschermakitic), zircon, rutile, tourmaline, apatite, clinozoisite, orthite, Brand-se- Baai – South Africa - beach-aeolian (sandy-microtidal) (ilmenite, rutile, garnet, pyroxene, leucoxene), Huelva estuary, Spain - beach (sandy-macrotidal) (ilmenite, magnetite, amphibole), Ventspils, Latvia - beach (sandy-microtidal) (garnet (grossularite, pyrope-almandine-spessartite), staurolite, monazite, amphibole (tschermakitic), zircon, rutile, tourmaline, apatite (coated), clinozoisite, titanomagnetite, orthite, magnetite, sphene), Veczemji Cliff, Lativa - beach (narrow  sandy strand plain with cliff- microtidal) (garnet, zircon, spinel, ilmenite, tourmaline, epidote), Jurkalne, Latvia - beach (narrow strand plain with cliff and gravel bars-(microtidal) (clinopyroxene, sphene, titanomagnetite, sphalerite, zircon, monazite, garnet, orthite (?), amphibole, staurolite, clinozoisite,  sillimanite), Mari, Cyprus - beach (gravelly- microtidal) (magnetite, titanomagnetite, actinolitic amphibole), Shavaryn Tsaram, Mongolia – fluvial (olivine (fayalite-enriched), garnet (pyrope, almandine), green and brown amphibole,  tremolite-actinolite, clinozoisite, orthopyroxene (bronzite, hypersthene), clinopyroxene, biotite, spinel, monazite, tourmaline, orthite, epidote (pistazite), diamonds), Lerau , Germany – fluvial (ilmenite, rutile (nigrine),  garnet (spessartite, almandine, grossularite), tourmaline (dravite), rutile, epidote, monazite (Th-rich), magnetite, amphibole, gold, zircon, Pleystein, Germany – fluvial (ilmenite, rutile (nigrine), garnet (almandine), tourmaline (dravite), biotite, monazite, zircon, xenotime, epidote with inclusions of scheelite, amphibole, cassiterite, pyrite, clinozoisite, sphene, orthozoisite, amphibole, sillimanite, Shire River tributaries, Malawi – fluvial (green amphibole, clinozoisite, garnet, zircon, hypersthene, rutile, apatite, sphene, aegirine-augite), Chipoka- Salima, Myupyu Hill - fluvio-deltaic (lacustrine) (rutile, ilmenite, zircon, garnet, magnetite, pseudobrookite, chromite, epidote, orthite, apatite, bronzite-hypersthene, aegirine-augite s.s.s. amphibole, sphene), Blantyre, Malawi - fluvial-alluvial (zircon, hypersthene, apatite, green amphibole, clinopyroxene, rutile, garnet, monazite), Weißenstadt, Germany - fluvial-alluvial (cassiterite, ilmenite, (pyrophanite-enriched ilmenite), zircon), Luc Yen, Vietnam - fluvial-alluvial-(residual) (ruby, monazite, xenotime, Ca-REE-Th-carbonate, Ti garnet), Ganesh Himal- Kathmandu Basin, Nepal - alluvial-fluvial (monazite, zircon, garnet (spessartite, almandine-grossularite), apatite, ilmenite, rutile, pseudorutile, tourmaline (dravite), kyanite, epidote-clinozoisite, anatase), Shavaryn Tsaram, Mongolia - alluvial-colluvial (fayalite-enriched olivine, garnet (pyrope, almandine), green and brown amphibole, tremolite-actinolite, clinozoisite, orthopyroxene (bronzite, hypersthene), clinopyroxene, biotite, spinel, monazite, tourmaline, orthite, epidote (pistazite)), Kangankunde, Malawi - alluvial-colluvial (apatite, Fe-Mn-oxide-hydroxide, ankerite, strontianite, amphibole, monazite, garnet, rutile, aegirite, arvedsonite), Pleystein, Germany - alluvial-colluvial (periglacial) ( ilmenite, rutile, garnet (almandine), tourmaline (dravite), biotite, monazite, zircon, xenotime, rutile, epidote with inclusions of scheelite, amphibole, cassiterite, clinozoisite, pyrite, clinozoisite, sphene, orthozoisite, amphibole, sillimanite), Kalavasos, Cypuscolluvial (magnetite, Ti magnetite, actinolitic amphibole), Chimwadzulu, Malawi - residual-eluvial (sapphire, ruby, enstatite padparadscha, hercynite,  zircon, amphibole (hastingsite), hypersthene, clinozoisite, orthozoisite, monazite, garnet (pyrope)), Thambani, Malawi - residual-eluvial (zircon, corundum, chromium-titanium-bearing magnetite), Kapiridimba, Malawi - residual-eluvial (kyanite, rutile), Finishi Village, Malawi - residual-eluvial (chromium spinel, titanium-bearing magnetite).